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Diabetes and its types

Diabetes is one of the most serious and most common diseases. It is a hormonal disease caused by a lack of insulin secretion, insulin resistance within the body, and diabetes is often the result of the diagnosis of another disease, a chronic disease not related to only one, Therefore, it is necessary to identify the types of diabetes, and the causes of infection.
 
Diabetes Type 1 (Diabetes Melitus Type 1)


The first type of diabetes, or insulin-dependent disease permanently, is that people with this type have a complete absence of insulin, so they must continue to inject insulin permanently for life 

The causes of diseaseInfection is caused by an immune system. Antibodies produced by the immune system destroy beta cells in the pancreas, specifically in an area known as the Langerhans Islands. These cells are responsible for the secretion of the insulin hormone, or the infection may occur for an unknown reason. Some infected people may have no immune abnormalities. However, the destruction of beta cells responsible for insulin secretion occurs. This type is rare and is called idiopathic diabetes 

Symptoms of the diseaseSymptoms are almost the same as symptoms of the other type of diabetes and are summarized in the following symptoms:
    
frequent urination
    
Persistent thirst
    
Persistent hunger
    
Weight loss
    
Vomiting
    
Feeling tired and stressed quicklyFactors affecting the diseaseAge: In general, the chance of infection may come at any stage, but it has been shown that the age most vulnerable to infection is under thirty, especially in adulthood: Women are the most likely to get the disease, but not far from men, so may not be an important factor in determining the chance of occurrence of the disease or not.Race: The chance of type 1 diabetes is more pronounced in the Caucasian strain, especially in Asians and Native Americans.Other factors such as diet, low infant feeding, early cow milk, and malnutrition are all factors that can lead to infection. Certain types of viruses can cause infections such as Coxaskie B4 or congenital rubella German congenital.
 
Type 2 diabetes (Diabetes Mellitus Type 2)The second type of diabetes, or insulin-dependent disease, is the most common type among people with diabetes. In this type, insulin is not lost completely, but is excreted but in very small quantities are not enough to perform its function at the same level of efficiency 

The causes of diseaseEither the infection occurs as a result of lack of secretion of insulin hormone from beta cells, or the hormone is released naturally, but it occurs resistance during the performance of the function, or may occur for an unknown reason, so classifies the second type of diabetes as a disease associated with the emergence of the offer Symptoms of another disease 
.Factors affecting the diseaseAge: The incidence of infection is closely related to aging, especially above the age of 40, specifically from the age of 65 to 74 years.Gender: There is no significant difference between a gender in the incidence of the disease.Race: Type II diabetes differs from Type I in the most vulnerable areas, and is more common in Western societies.Obesity is almost the most important factor in determining the chance of infection, especially if there is a family history of the disease, the incidence of infection is very high, so it is always advised to try to maintain weight and avoid cases of obesity 
.Symptoms of the diseaseIs not very different from the symptoms of the first type and are very similar, namely:
    
frequent urination
    
Frequent thirst
    
Persistent hunger
    
Feeling tired and stressed quickly
    
Slow healing of wounds and infections

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